HRS super soil mix©
For Flower Pots and Raised Garden Beds
HRS super soil mix is a custom blend for maximum plant health! It can be used in outdoor gardens but was designed for flower pots and raised beds. Plants Transpire during the day and Resperate at night: Transpiration is needed for photosynthesis an the intake of Co2 in daylight.Soil is the most important part of your garden and good soil is good but SUPER SOIL is the best you can get!! There are many products going into this mix like: steamed bone meal, bat guano, blood meal, Epsom salt, azomite, and much much more.
Foundation: Based on 16 Cu ft (8 bags 2 cu ft) of soil before mixed. 50% Top soil 40% peat moss 10% perlite (add 15% sand to total mix) or
1- bucket soil 3/4 bucket peat moss 1/4 bucket perlite 2/3 bucket sand
1 Cu yrd = 27 Cu ft 2 cubic Ft of soil Fills 13, 1 gallon pots 1 cu ft top soil = About 85 Lbs 1 Cu Ft soil= 25.75 dry quarts 1- 2Cuft bag soil will fill 2 1/2 five gallon buckets
Top soil: 8-bags organic soil (2 cubic ft per bag) or 11 bags 1.5 cubic ft bags. Total soil volume after fully mixed will equal about 1.75 - 3 Cu yrds potting soil. Avoid soils that contain additives and Bio solids.
Some links for soil we recommend:
Black Gold 1302030 16-Quart CocoBlend Potting Soil http://amzn.to/2tPSwaW
Black Gold 1302040 16-Quart All Organic Potting Soil WhehJaF, 16 quart bag, 2 bags
(2) Foxfarm FX14000 Ocean Forest Garden Potting Soil Bags 6.3-6.8 pH | 3 Cu Ft http://amzn.to/2pgwEjG
Soil pH: 6.4 to 7.2 is best for most vegetable plants. 6.7 being the best. E.g. Tomato (5.5-7.5) Pepper (5.5-7.0) Spinach (6.0-7.5) Pea (6.0-7.5) Lettuce (6.0-7.0) Corn (5.5-7.5.)
Macro nutrients (primary): nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), potassium/Potash (K)
Secondary Macronutrients: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S)
Gaseous MacroNutrients: carbon/Co2 (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O) From air an water
Micro nutrients: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) are essential for plant heath.
Tertiary or SubMicronutrients: Everything else E.g. Cobalt (Co)*, Chromium (Cr), Iodine (I)**, Lithium (Li), Selenium (Se)**, Sodium (Na)*, Silicon (Si)* Etc... Non essential
NOTE: * does benefit plants but not essential ** Needed for human health.
Figure 1: Relative availability of micronutrients by soil pH¹
Plants Transpire during the day and Resperate at night: Transpiration is needed for photosynthesis an the intake of Co2 in daylight. Respiration converts sugars for energy and intakes Oxygen at nighttime and produces Adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Rain water only: Avoid using city water and use rain or distiled water only! Most city water has a high PH of around 8.0 and contains things like; Liquefied chlorine, Fluorosilicic acid aKa fluoride, Aluminum sulphate, Calcium hydroxide, Sodium silicofluoride, Trihalomethanes (THMs), Hormones, Nitrates, Chloramines, ammonia, Phosphates Etc.. just to name a few. When water runs out of the bottom of your pot, it was over watered.
Humidity: The humidity level is like a pressure cap on the plant, keeping the moisture in the plant, allowing it to have proper transpiration rates of the fluids. Ideal humidity levels in a greenhouse range between 50% to 70% in vegetative growth, and 50% to 60% for flowering plants. When humidity is to high for to long, transpiration begins to stop and plant begin to suffocates.
Temperature: Optimum air Temperature for most garden Plants is 65F to 85F. with soil temperatures between 65-90 max degrees F to achieve optimal growth. NOTE: Cover your pots so they don't over heat from direct sunlight. watch your heat index!
Figure 2 Chemical properties of micronutrients.
Figure 3 Functions of micronutrients in plants 3
Peat moss: 3 bails (3 cuft each) for 16 Cu Ft soil or 3/4, 5 gal bucket per 2 Cuft bag soil
"It has a remarkable ability to manage water efficiently and hold on to nutrients that would otherwise leach out of the soil. While performing these amazing tasks, it also improves the texture and consistency of the soil. PH range from 4.4 to 5.5"
Some links for Peat moss we recommend:
3.8CUFT Sphag Peat Moss
Perlite: About 32 cups for 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/4 of a 5 gal bucket per 2 Cuft bag soil NOTE: you can substitute with vermiculite.
It is used as an additive to aerate soil and modify the soil substructure, keeping it loose, well-draining and defying compaction. Its PH is neutral and does not emit any plasticizes or toxins. it also adds surface area for microbiological activity to thrive.
Some links for Perlite and Vermiculite we recommend:
Coarse Vermiculite, 4 cubic foot bag
Pro4CU105408 Horticultural Coarse Perlite - 4 Cubic Feet http://amzn.to/2FH5Qnu
8 Quarts xGarden Horticultural Grade Premium Perlite http://amzn.to/2pedjAb
Viagrow 4 cu. Ft. Perlite
QUALITY PERLITE FOR SEED STARTING/MEDIUN FINE
Sand: 2 to 4 bags play sand for 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/3 of a 5 gal bucket per 2 Cuft bag soil.
Adding sand loosens soil and allows good drainage for pots and beds and allows roots to easily grow through the soil. It also allows for even moisture through out the pot or bed. It reduces the impact of compaction in late season vegetable plants in your garden.
Question: "Is a perched water table caused by adding sand? (A perched water table is an accumulation of groundwater located above a water table in an unsaturated zone.)"
Answer: NO! that is a myth! If you till or mix your soil up every year in your outdoor garden, you break up any possible compaction that could occur. The only possible way this could happen is if you lay down a 2"+ bed of sand on top of the dirt/hard pan below then put your top soil above. In about 5 years of no-tilling the sand can clog and heavily reduce drainage.
Some links for Play sand we recommend:
Quikrete Play Sand Bag 50 Lbs.
Play Sand - bag of sand, Yellow Sand, 20 LBS http://amzn.to/2tPMLtX
Sakrete 40100374 Natural Play Sand, 60 Pound http://amzn.to/2tQcgLJ
Worm castings: 30 lbs worm castings for 16 Cu Ft soil or 3.75 Lbs per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Worm Castings contain a highly active biological mixture of bacteria, enzymes, remnants of plant matter and animal manure, as well as earthworm cocoons (while damp). The castings are rich in water-soluble plant nutrients, and contain more than 50% more humus than what is normally found in topsoil.
1 ) The humus in the worm castings extracts toxins and harmful fungi and bacteria from the soil. Worm Castings therefore have the ability to fight off plant diseases.
2 ) The worm castings have the ability to fix heavy metals in organic waste. This prevents plants from absorbing more of these chemical compounds than they need. These compounds can then be released later when the plants need them.
3) Worm Castings act as a barrier to help plants grow in soil where the pH levels are too high or too low. They prevent extreme pH levels from making it impossible for plants to absorb nutrients from the soil.
4 ) The humic acid in Worm Castings stimulate plant growth, even in very low concentrations. The humic acid is in an ionically distributed state in which it can easily be absorbed by the plant, over and above any normal mineral nutrients. Humic acid also stimulates the development of micro flora populations in the soil.
5) Worm Castings increase the ability of soil to retain water. The worm castings form aggregates, which are mineral clusters that combine in such a way that they can withstand water erosion and compaction, and also increase water retention.
6) Worm Castings reduce the acid-forming carbon in the soil, and increase the nitrogen levels in a state that the plant can easily use. Organic plant wastes usually have a carbon-nitrogen ratio of more than 20 to 1. Because of this ratio, the nitrogen is unavailable to plants, and the soil around the organic waste becomes acidic."
Some links for Worm castings we recommend:
Unco Industries WWSB30LB Wiggle Worm Soil Builder Worm Castings, 30 lb.
Green Texan Organic Farms Worm Castings, 10 Pounds (10 Lb) http://amzn.to/2DvfZhh
Sun Gro 1490302.Q08P Black Gold Earthworm Castings, 8 quart
Readi Soil 100% Organic 1 cu.ft/25 lb. Worm Castings
Steamed Bone meal (fish meal): 5 lbs for 16 Cu Ft soil or .5 Lb (8oz) per 2 Cu Ft.
"Bone meal is a slow-release form of phosphorus (P) that may be expressed as phosphate or phosphorus. The calcium infusion from bone meal helps plants develop strong and healthy cells and seeds. bone meal also has trace amounts of nitrogen and potassium. Maximum phosphorus availability occurs between pH levels of 6 and 7."
Some links for Bone Meal we recommend:
Down To Earth 6-Pound Fish Bone Meal 7823
Espoma BM10 Organic Traditions Bone Meal 4-12-0, 10 Pounds http://amzn.to/2DwoYP9
Bone Meal 3-15-0 Plus 24% Calcium "Greenway Biotech Brand" 5 Pounds
Bone Meal 3-15-0 Plus 24% Calcium "Greenway Biotech Brand" 25 Pounds
Bat guano (bloom formula): 5 lbs for 16 Cu Ft soil or .5 Lb per 2 Cu Ft soil. NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"Bat guano typically contains 10 percent nitrogen, 3 percent phosphorus and 1 percent potassium. Nitrogen promotes rapid, green growth, making bat guano a useful fertilizer, especially for lawns. Phosphorus promotes root growth and supports flowering, while potassium helps plants grow strong stems. In addition to the presence of these major nutrients in bat guano, it also has micronutrients plants need for healthy growth.
Bat guano fertilizer can benefit the texture of the soil. It helps hold together loose soils and makes dense soils lighter. Guano is not easily leached out of the soil, so it benefits the plants and soil much longer than some inorganic fertilizers which are more readily displaced. Bat guano contains microbes which benefit the soil and plants.it can be incorporated directly into the soil or turned into a liquid fertilizer and applied to foliage."
Some links for Bat Guano we recommend:
Hydrofarm BGC2001 Flowering Guano Bloom Crazy 0-5-0, 5Lb Bag
Down To Earth High Phosphorus Bat Guano - 5 lb http://amzn.to/2FKxU5x
Hydrofarm BGC1002 Vegetative Guano Grow Crazy 5-1-1, 3Lb Bag
Bat Guano 10-3-1 2 Lbs
Blood meal: 5 lbs for 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/4 lb per 2 Cu Ft soil.
NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"Blood meal is a slaughterhouse by product as dried animal blood, typically cows blood. Blood meal is a nitrogen amendment that you can add to your garden. Adding blood meal to garden soil will help raise the level of nitrogen and will help plants to grow more lush and green. The nitrogen in blood meal can also help raise the acid level of your soil is also used as a deterrent for some animals, such as moles, squirrels and deer."
Some links of Blood Meal we recommend:
Down To Earth 5-Pound Blood Meal 12-0-0 7807
Blood Meal-50 Pound Bag
Espoma DB3 Dried Blood Meal, 3.5-Pound (2 Pack)
Blood Meal 13-0-0 Nitrogen Fertilizer "Greenway Biotech Brand" 5 Pounds http://amzn.to/2DsufY1
Epsom salt: 1 cup per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate) are generally neutral and therefore do not affect soil pH, making it either more acidic or more basic. They are a rich source of magnesium, which plants need to remain healthy. They also contribute sulfur, which plants also require. Although acid soil types tend to result in magnesium deficiencies, adding Epsom salts does not relieve the symptoms of imbalanced soil; it only adds the compounds it contains. While sulfur on its own can make soil more acidic, the sulfur in Epsom salt does not. Sulfate consists of sulfur and oxygen. Plants can absorb sulfate directly from the soil and use the sulfur molecule. It too is a minor nutrient for plants."
Some links for Epsom salt we recommend:
Epsoak Epsom Salt 19lbs Magnesium Sulfate USP
Epsom Salt By Sky Organics (5 LBS)- 100% Pure Magnesium Sulfate
Epsom Salt, Magnesium Sulfate 1 Gallon (8 lb)(128 oz)
SOAKII Epsom Salt BULK 19.75lbs Magnesium Sulfate USP
Sweet lime or Dolomite: 1 cup per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"lime and dolomite are alkaline, agricultural lime is simply limestone that has been pulverized down to a fine particle size and is calcitic meaning that the product is comprised mainly of calcium carbonate.
Aglime and dolomite both become useful when soil becomes too acidic. This typically occurs after exposure to acid rain, after frequent use of fertilizers and other chemicals or even after the soil has simply become deprived of important nutrients from years of planting and harvesting crops. it has been proven time and again to effectively balance out soil pH levels and improve plant health. Lime also stimulates the growth and increases activity of micro-organisms in the soil that can assist with growing conditions. take a full year before the desired pH levels have been met.
dolomitic lime is manufactured by crushing dolomitic limestone down to very small pieces. As with agricultural lime, dolomitic lime works to increase the pH levels of acidic soil and return the earth to nearly neutral. The primary difference between the two materials is that, in addition to containing calcium carbonate, dolomitic lime also contains a mixture of magnesium carbonate. Typically, the mineral is comprised of approximately 50% calcium carbonate and 40% magnesium carbonate with the remainder being other materials."
Some links for Garden lime and dolomite we recommend:
Hoffman 15208 Pelletized Garden Lime, 8 Pounds
Jobe’s Organics Garden Lime for Organic Gardening Soil De-Acidifier
Burpee 97070 Garden Lime Granular, 8 oz http://amzn.to/2tP9g2j
Dolomite Lime - Pure Dolomitic / Calcitic Garden Lime (5 Pounds) http://amzn.to/2FCFhQl
Dolomite Lime Plus Magnesium and Calcium "Greenway Biotech Brand" 5 Pounds
Azomite or Rock dust: 1 to 2 cups per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"AZOMITE is a natural product in Utah mined from an ancient volcanic eruption into a seabed and is distinct from any other mineral deposit in the world. It adds micro nutrients to soil for plant health. Azomite is very slightly radioactive but nothing to worry about should wear wear face mask."
Some links for Azomite and Rock dust we recommend:
Azomite Micronized Bag, 44 lb
Root Naturally Azomite Rock Dust - 2 Pounds
Azomite Micronized Bag, 44 lb (2-Pack) http://amzn.to/2FMdclE
Walt's Glacial Rock Dust (10 LB)
40lbs of Andesite Mineral Complex - 100% Natural Volcanic-Based Soil
Humic Acid: 1 Tbls per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Humic acid increases nutrient uptake, drought tolerance, and seed germination. Humic acids are a principal component of humic substances, which are the major organic constituents of soil (humus), peat and coal. It is produced by biodegradation of dead organic matter.
Fulvic acid can be found in a liquid form as a component of mineral colloids. Fulvic acids are poly-electrolytes and are unique colloids that diffuse easily through membranes whereas all other colloids do not.
By supplying the soil with sufficient humic acid, we help to bind cations (positively charged elements). The ability to chelate positively charged multivalent ions (Mg, Ca, Fe and other “trace minerals” of value to plants) is probably the most important role of humic acid, with respect to your soil.By chelating the ions, humic acid facilitates the uptake of the ions by means of several mechanisms, one of which is preventing their precipitation (leaching through the soil). Another is the direct and positive influence on their bio-availability. It can also detoxify the soil of heavy metals. Research has shown that heavy metals can be “locked up” with the addition of humic acid."
Some links for Humic Acid we recommend:
2 Lb TeraVita SP-90 Humic Acid 100% Soluble Powder
1 Lb TeraVita SP-90 Humic Acid 100% Soluble Powder
Soluble Humic Acid Powder - Organic - 5lb Bag
Wallace Organic Wonder, Soluble DS-80 Humic and Fulvic Acid (1lb)
Complete Gardening Fulvic Acid (500 g) http://amzn.to/2FBIYGd
Mycorrhizae: 1/2 oz per 2 Cu Ft soil.
NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"Mycorrhizas are commonly divided into 2 types: ectomycorrhizas and endomycorrhizas. Mycorrhizae is a symbiotic association between a fungus and the roots of a vascular host plant. The term mycorrhiza refers to the role of the fungi in the plants' rhizosphere, its root system. Mycorrhizae plays an important role in soil biology and