HRS super soil mix©
For Flower Pots and Raised Garden Beds
Foundation: Based on 16 Cu ft (8 bags 2 cu ft) of soil before mixed. 50% Top soil 40% peat moss 10% perlite (add 15% sand to total mix) or
1- bucket soil 3/4 bucket peat moss 1/4 bucket perlite 2/3 bucket sand
1 Cu yrd = 27 Cu ft 2 cubic Ft of soil Fills 13, 1 gallon pots 1 cu ft top soil = About 85 Lbs 1 Cu Ft soil= 25.75 dry quarts 1- 2Cuft bag soil will fill 2 1/2 five gallon buckets
Top soil: 8-bags organic soil (2 cubic ft per bag) or 11 bags 1.5 cubic ft bags. Total soil volume after fully mixed will equal about 1.75 - 3 Cu yrds potting soil. Avoid soils that contain additives and Bio solids.
Some links for soil we recommend:
Black Gold 1302030 16-Quart CocoBlend Potting Soil http://amzn.to/2tPSwaW
Black Gold 1302040 16-Quart All Organic Potting Soil WhehJaF, 16 quart bag, 2 bags
(2) Foxfarm FX14000 Ocean Forest Garden Potting Soil Bags 6.3-6.8 pH | 3 Cu Ft http://amzn.to/2pgwEjG
Soil pH: 6.4 to 7.2 is best for most vegetable plants. 6.7 being the best. E.g. Tomato (5.5-7.5) Pepper (5.5-7.0) Spinach (6.0-7.5) Pea (6.0-7.5) Lettuce (6.0-7.0) Corn (5.5-7.5.)
Macro nutrients (primary): nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), potassium/Potash (K)
Secondary Macronutrients: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S)
Gaseous MacroNutrients: carbon/Co2 (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O) From air an water
Micro nutrients: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) are essential for plant heath.
Tertiary or SubMicronutrients: Everything else E.g. Cobalt (Co)*, Chromium (Cr), Iodine (I)**, Lithium (Li), Selenium (Se)**, Sodium (Na)*, Silicon (Si)* Etc... Non essential
NOTE: * does benefit plants but not essential ** Needed for human health.
Figure 1: Relative availability of micronutrients by soil pH¹
Plants Transpire during the day and Resperate at night: Transpiration is needed for photosynthesis an the intake of Co2 in daylight. Respiration converts sugars for energy and intakes Oxygen at nighttime and produces Adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Rain water only: Avoid using city water and use rain or distiled water only! Most city water has a high PH of around 8.0 and contains things like; Liquefied chlorine, Fluorosilicic acid aKa fluoride, Aluminum sulphate, Calcium hydroxide, Sodium silicofluoride, Trihalomethanes (THMs), Hormones, Nitrates, Chloramines, ammonia, Phosphates Etc.. just to name a few. When water runs out of the bottom of your pot, it was over watered.
Humidity: The humidity level is like a pressure cap on the plant, keeping the moisture in the plant, allowing it to have proper transpiration rates of the fluids. Ideal humidity levels in a greenhouse range between 50% to 70% in vegetative growth, and 50% to 60% for flowering plants. When humidity is to high for to long, transpiration begins to stop and plant begin to suffocates.
Temperature: Optimum air Temperature for most garden Plants is 65F to 85F. with soil temperatures between 65-90 max degrees F to achieve optimal growth. NOTE: Cover your pots so they don't over heat from direct sunlight. watch your heat index!
Figure 2 Chemical properties of micronutrients.
Figure 3 Functions of micronutrients in plants 3
Peat moss: 3 bails (3 cuft each) for 16 Cu Ft soil or 3/4, 5 gal bucket per 2 Cuft bag soil
"It has a remarkable ability to manage water efficiently and hold on to nutrients that would otherwise leach out of the soil. While performing these amazing tasks, it also improves the texture and consistency of the soil. PH range from 4.4 to 5.5"
Some links for Peat moss we recommend:
3.8CUFT Sphag Peat Moss
Horticulture (0110P) Pro Moss Horticulture Peat Moss, 2-1/5 Cubic Feet http://amzn.to/2FD1ldL
PREMIER HORTICULTURE 0128P 2.2 cu. ft. Sphagnum Peat Moss http://amzn.to/2GwFGky
Perlite: About 32 cups for 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/4 of a 5 gal bucket per 2 Cuft bag soil NOTE: you can substitute with vermiculite.
It is used as an additive to aerate soil and modify the soil substructure, keeping it loose, well-draining and defying compaction. Its PH is neutral and does not emit any plasticizes or toxins. it also adds surface area for microbiological activity to thrive.
Some links for Perlite and Vermiculite we recommend:
Coarse Vermiculite, 4 cubic foot bag
Pro4CU105408 Horticultural Coarse Perlite - 4 Cubic Feet http://amzn.to/2FH5Qnu
8 Quarts xGarden Horticultural Grade Premium Perlite http://amzn.to/2pedjAb
Viagrow 4 cu. Ft. Perlite
QUALITY PERLITE FOR SEED STARTING/MEDIUN FINE
Sand: 2 to 4 bags play sand for 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/3 of a 5 gal bucket per 2 Cuft bag soil.
Adding sand loosens soil and allows good drainage for pots and beds and allows roots to easily grow through the soil. It also allows for even moisture through out the pot or bed. It reduces the impact of compaction in late season vegetable plants in your garden.
Question: "Is a perched water table caused by adding sand? (A perched water table is an accumulation of groundwater located above a water table in an unsaturated zone.)"
Answer: NO! that is a myth! If you till or mix your soil up every year in your outdoor garden, you break up any possible compaction that could occur. The only possible way this could happen is if you lay down a 2"+ bed of sand on top of the dirt/hard pan below then put your top soil above. In about 5 years of no-tilling the sand can clog and heavily reduce drainage.
Some links for Play sand we recommend:
Quikrete Play Sand Bag 50 Lbs.
Play Sand - bag of sand, Yellow Sand, 20 LBS http://amzn.to/2tPMLtX
Sakrete 40100374 Natural Play Sand, 60 Pound http://amzn.to/2tQcgLJ
Worm castings: 30 lbs worm castings for 16 Cu Ft soil or 3.75 Lbs per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Worm Castings contain a highly active biological mixture of bacteria, enzymes, remnants of plant matter and animal manure, as well as earthworm cocoons (while damp). The castings are rich in water-soluble plant nutrients, and contain more than 50% more humus than what is normally found in topsoil.
1 ) The humus in the worm castings extracts toxins and harmful fungi and bacteria from the soil. Worm Castings therefore have the ability to fight off plant diseases.
2 ) The worm castings have the ability to fix heavy metals in organic waste. This prevents plants from absorbing more of these chemical compounds than they need. These compounds can then be released later when the plants need them.
3) Worm Castings act as a barrier to help plants grow in soil where the pH levels are too high or too low. They prevent extreme pH levels from making it impossible for plants to absorb nutrients from the soil.
4 ) The humic acid in Worm Castings stimulate plant growth, even in very low concentrations. The humic acid is in an ionically distributed state in which it can easily be absorbed by the plant, over and above any normal mineral nutrients. Humic acid also stimulates the development of micro flora populations in the soil.
5) Worm Castings increase the ability of soil to retain water. The worm castings form aggregates, which are mineral clusters that combine in such a way that they can withstand water erosion and compaction, and also increase water retention.
6) Worm Castings reduce the acid-forming carbon in the soil, and increase the nitrogen levels in a state that the plant can easily use. Organic plant wastes usually have a carbon-nitrogen ratio of more than 20 to 1. Because of this ratio, the nitrogen is unavailable to plants, and the soil around the organic waste becomes acidic."
Some links for Worm castings we recommend:
Unco Industries WWSB30LB Wiggle Worm Soil Builder Worm Castings, 30 lb.
Green Texan Organic Farms Worm Castings, 10 Pounds (10 Lb) http://amzn.to/2DvfZhh
Sun Gro 1490302.Q08P Black Gold Earthworm Castings, 8 quart
Readi Soil 100% Organic 1 cu.ft/25 lb. Worm Castings
Steamed Bone meal (fish meal): 5 lbs for 16 Cu Ft soil or .5 Lb (8oz) per 2 Cu Ft.
"Bone meal is a slow-release form of phosphorus (P) that may be expressed as phosphate or phosphorus. The calcium infusion from bone meal helps plants develop strong and healthy cells and seeds. bone meal also has trace amounts of nitrogen and potassium. Maximum phosphorus availability occurs between pH levels of 6 and 7."
Some links for Bone Meal we recommend:
Down To Earth 6-Pound Fish Bone Meal 7823
Espoma BM10 Organic Traditions Bone Meal 4-12-0, 10 Pounds http://amzn.to/2DwoYP9
Bone Meal 3-15-0 Plus 24% Calcium "Greenway Biotech Brand" 5 Pounds
Bone Meal 3-15-0 Plus 24% Calcium "Greenway Biotech Brand" 25 Pounds
Bat guano (bloom formula): 5 lbs for 16 Cu Ft soil or .5 Lb per 2 Cu Ft soil. NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"Bat guano typically contains 10 percent nitrogen, 3 percent phosphorus and 1 percent potassium. Nitrogen promotes rapid, green growth, making bat guano a useful fertilizer, especially for lawns. Phosphorus promotes root growth and supports flowering, while potassium helps plants grow strong stems. In addition to the presence of these major nutrients in bat guano, it also has micronutrients plants need for healthy growth.
Bat guano fertilizer can benefit the texture of the soil. It helps hold together loose soils and makes dense soils lighter. Guano is not easily leached out of the soil, so it benefits the plants and soil much longer than some inorganic fertilizers which are more readily displaced. Bat guano contains microbes which benefit the soil and plants.it can be incorporated directly into the soil or turned into a liquid fertilizer and applied to foliage."
Some links for Bat Guano we recommend:
Hydrofarm BGC2001 Flowering Guano Bloom Crazy 0-5-0, 5Lb Bag
Down To Earth High Phosphorus Bat Guano - 5 lb http://amzn.to/2FKxU5x
Hydrofarm BGC1002 Vegetative Guano Grow Crazy 5-1-1, 3Lb Bag
Bat Guano 10-3-1 2 Lbs
Blood meal: 5 lbs for 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/4 lb per 2 Cu Ft soil.
NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"Blood meal is a slaughterhouse by product as dried animal blood, typically cows blood. Blood meal is a nitrogen amendment that you can add to your garden. Adding blood meal to garden soil will help raise the level of nitrogen and will help plants to grow more lush and green. The nitrogen in blood meal can also help raise the acid level of your soil is also used as a deterrent for some animals, such as moles, squirrels and deer."
Some links of Blood Meal we recommend:
Down To Earth 5-Pound Blood Meal 12-0-0 7807
Blood Meal-50 Pound Bag
Espoma DB3 Dried Blood Meal, 3.5-Pound (2 Pack)
Blood Meal 13-0-0 Nitrogen Fertilizer "Greenway Biotech Brand" 5 Pounds http://amzn.to/2DsufY1
Epsom salt: 1 cup per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate) are generally neutral and therefore do not affect soil pH, making it either more acidic or more basic. They are a rich source of magnesium, which plants need to remain healthy. They also contribute sulfur, which plants also require. Although acid soil types tend to result in magnesium deficiencies, adding Epsom salts does not relieve the symptoms of imbalanced soil; it only adds the compounds it contains. While sulfur on its own can make soil more acidic, the sulfur in Epsom salt does not. Sulfate consists of sulfur and oxygen. Plants can absorb sulfate directly from the soil and use the sulfur molecule. It too is a minor nutrient for plants."
Some links for Epsom salt we recommend:
Epsoak Epsom Salt 19lbs Magnesium Sulfate USP
Epsom Salt By Sky Organics (5 LBS)- 100% Pure Magnesium Sulfate
Epsom Salt, Magnesium Sulfate 1 Gallon (8 lb)(128 oz)
SOAKII Epsom Salt BULK 19.75lbs Magnesium Sulfate USP
Sweet lime or Dolomite: 1 cup per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"lime and dolomite are alkaline, agricultural lime is simply limestone that has been pulverized down to a fine particle size and is calcitic meaning that the product is comprised mainly of calcium carbonate.
Aglime and dolomite both become useful when soil becomes too acidic. This typically occurs after exposure to acid rain, after frequent use of fertilizers and other chemicals or even after the soil has simply become deprived of important nutrients from years of planting and harvesting crops. it has been proven time and again to effectively balance out soil pH levels and improve plant health. Lime also stimulates the growth and increases activity of micro-organisms in the soil that can assist with growing conditions. take a full year before the desired pH levels have been met.
dolomitic lime is manufactured by crushing dolomitic limestone down to very small pieces. As with agricultural lime, dolomitic lime works to increase the pH levels of acidic soil and return the earth to nearly neutral. The primary difference between the two materials is that, in addition to containing calcium carbonate, dolomitic lime also contains a mixture of magnesium carbonate. Typically, the mineral is comprised of approximately 50% calcium carbonate and 40% magnesium carbonate with the remainder being other materials."
Some links for Garden lime and dolomite we recommend:
Hoffman 15208 Pelletized Garden Lime, 8 Pounds
Jobe’s Organics Garden Lime for Organic Gardening Soil De-Acidifier
Burpee 97070 Garden Lime Granular, 8 oz http://amzn.to/2tP9g2j
Dolomite Lime - Pure Dolomitic / Calcitic Garden Lime (5 Pounds) http://amzn.to/2FCFhQl
Dolomite Lime Plus Magnesium and Calcium "Greenway Biotech Brand" 5 Pounds
Azomite or Rock dust: 1 to 2 cups per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"AZOMITE is a natural product in Utah mined from an ancient volcanic eruption into a seabed and is distinct from any other mineral deposit in the world. It adds micro nutrients to soil for plant health. Azomite is very slightly radioactive but nothing to worry about should wear wear face mask."
Some links for Azomite and Rock dust we recommend:
Azomite Micronized Bag, 44 lb
Root Naturally Azomite Rock Dust - 2 Pounds
Azomite Micronized Bag, 44 lb (2-Pack) http://amzn.to/2FMdclE
Walt's Glacial Rock Dust (10 LB)
40lbs of Andesite Mineral Complex - 100% Natural Volcanic-Based Soil
Humic Acid: 1 Tbls per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Humic acid increases nutrient uptake, drought tolerance, and seed germination. Humic acids are a principal component of humic substances, which are the major organic constituents of soil (humus), peat and coal. It is produced by biodegradation of dead organic matter.
Fulvic acid can be found in a liquid form as a component of mineral colloids. Fulvic acids are poly-electrolytes and are unique colloids that diffuse easily through membranes whereas all other colloids do not.
By supplying the soil with sufficient humic acid, we help to bind cations (positively charged elements). The ability to chelate positively charged multivalent ions (Mg, Ca, Fe and other “trace minerals” of value to plants) is probably the most important role of humic acid, with respect to your soil.By chelating the ions, humic acid facilitates the uptake of the ions by means of several mechanisms, one of which is preventing their precipitation (leaching through the soil). Another is the direct and positive influence on their bio-availability. It can also detoxify the soil of heavy metals. Research has shown that heavy metals can be “locked up” with the addition of humic acid."
Some links for Humic Acid we recommend:
2 Lb TeraVita SP-90 Humic Acid 100% Soluble Powder
1 Lb TeraVita SP-90 Humic Acid 100% Soluble Powder
Soluble Humic Acid Powder - Organic - 5lb Bag
Wallace Organic Wonder, Soluble DS-80 Humic and Fulvic Acid (1lb)
Complete Gardening Fulvic Acid (500 g) http://amzn.to/2FBIYGd
Mycorrhizae: 1/2 oz per 2 Cu Ft soil.
NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"Mycorrhizas are commonly divided into 2 types: ectomycorrhizas and endomycorrhizas. Mycorrhizae is a symbiotic association between a fungus and the roots of a vascular host plant. The term mycorrhiza refers to the role of the fungi in the plants' rhizosphere, its root system. Mycorrhizae plays an important role in soil biology and soil chemistry. In a mycorrhizal association, the fungus colonizes the host plant's root tissues.
There are 6 species you can add to soil: Arbuscular mycorrhiza, Ectomycorrhiza, Ericoid mycorrhiza, Arbutoid mycorrhiza, Monotropoid mycorrhiza, Orchid mycorrhiza
After its mixed in, Cover the container for 40-60 days while soil inoculates. After 40-60 days a mold layer will have developed. mix mold into dirt and it is ready for use."
Some links for Mycorrizae we recommend:
Great White Mycorrhizae, 1 oz.
MycoBloom Endo-Mycorrhizae 2 lb Bag of Granular Inocula
Endo Mycorrhizae (4 Species, 1LB Package)
Nature Technologies Organic Mycorrhizae 1lb
Root Naturally Soluble Endo Mycorrhizae - 2 Oz
Seaweed Kelp: 6 cups per 16 Cu Ft or 3/4 cup per 2 Cu Ft soil or 1 Tbls per gallon soil.
"Seaweed (Kelp) Plant Food is an organic storehouse of over 60 naturally occurring major and minor nutrients and amino acids. It's growth promoting substances (Auxins, Cytokinins, Gibberellins) enhance plant development, color and vigor. Seaweed has also been found to increase plant hardiness and resistance to adverse environmental conditions, such as early frost, extreme heat and lack of moisture. Used as a seed inoculation, seaweed fertilizer increases and accelerates germination, and enhances the rapid development of a healthy root system. Seaweed is an excellent addition to any fertilization program. "
Some links for Seaweed Kelp we recommend:
Organic Seaweed Kelp Meal, Plant Fertilizer - 100% Natural w/ Trace Minerals
Organic Kelp Meal Fertilizer Plant - Garden 1 lb bag USDA Certified Seaweed
1 Pound Maxicrop Organic Kelp Meal 1-0-2 Natural Norwegian Kelp Seaweed
Espoma KM4 Organic Traditions Kelp Meal 1-0-2 - 4 lb Bag
The Dirty Gardener Organic Kelp Meal - 5 Pounds
INSECT FRASS: 2Lbs per 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/4 cup per 1 Cu Ft soil.
NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"INSECT FRASS is a type of Vermiculture witch has beneficial microorganisms and chitin — a naturally occurring polysaccharide found in many organism — it helps plants to defend themselves against pests and pathogens. The only immediately plant-available source of chitin."
Some links for Insect Frass we recommend:
Insect Frass Plant Food, 2 Pounds
Insect Frass Plant Food, 5 Pounds
Insect Frass, 25lb
Synergy Insect Frass 20 lb
BOKASHI: 1 cup per 2 Cu Ft soil.
NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
"The beneficial bacteria on the bran are in a dormant or spore state until activated by warmth and moisture then each grain of bran becomes a PBM (probiotic beneficial microbe) factory. Bokashi is a Japanese word that means “fermented organic matter.” BOKASHI is an all-purpose beneficial microbial inoculate. it contains Probiotics and uses top rated mother cultures witch include The major species in this mix are:
1. Bacillus subtilis
2. Bifidobacterium animalis
3. Bifidobacterium bifidum
4. Bifidobacterium longum
5. Lactobacillus acidophilus
6. Lactobacillus casei
7. Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Synonym: Lactobacillus bulgaricus)
8. Lactobacillus fermentum
9. Lactobacillus plantarum
10. Lactococcus lactis subsp. Lactis ( Synonym: Streptococcus lactis)
11. Saccharomyces cerevisiae
12. Rhodopseudomonas palustris
13. Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides ( Synonym: Rhodobactersphaeroides)"
Some links for Bokashi we recommend:
Bokashi Brothers Bokashi 2.2lb Bag (1 kg)
Bokashi (3 Pounds)
Vermikashi Bokashi Bran, 6.6 lb
Organic Rice Bran Em-1 Bokashi (1 Gallon)
10.5 lbs Premium Bokashi Bran (Compost Accelerator) (1 year supply)
Sugar and Molasses: 3 Tbls White sugar per 2 Cu Ft soil.*
White or Brown sugar
"By adding sugar, it will speed up the inoculation process. white sugar will feed microorganisms, indirectly enriching the soil with beneficial sugar in your soil microbes. A sprinkle of sugar over the soil may also be used to help prevent weed growth. Give the sugar and microbes a week or two to do their work. "
"By adding molasses, it will stimulate microbial activity ultimately increasing plant vigor. Molasses is an excellent natural sweetener for plants. It can be used Dried or as a liquid. Dried molasses becomes a ready source of energy to stimulate microbe activity and life. It is also a good source of soil nutrients, such as carbon, potasssium, and iron. For the purposes of this super soil mix, it will be used as a maintenance solution during watering"
* NOTE: To much sugar can lock up nitrogen and other nutrients in the soil. Don't over do the amount of sugar you add to your soil either by watering in or adding it to the soil.
Some links for Molasses and sugar we recommend:
100% Natural, 100% Pure, Molasses, Blackstrap, Unsulfured, Organic
Golden Barrel Bulk Unsulfured Blackstrap Molasses Jug (128 fl oz)
Vintage Organic Molasses
Kirkland Signature Organic Sugar - 10 Lb
Sugar in the Raw 6 lbs bag (Pack of 2)
Chelated iron: 1 to 2 heaping Tbls per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Chelated iron is the only form of iron that is usable by plants. This trace element plays major roles in the production of chlorophyll and in the nitrogen-fixation process. It also helps reduce nitrates to ammonia for the synthesis of plant proteins. Chlorosis is a primary symptom of an iron shortage witch is the yellowing of leaves and leaves falling off from the bottom of the plant up. Additional symptoms include new shoots that stop growing, and in severe cases, top growth dies. Chelation is a process that makes iron available to plants. In short, iron in an insoluble form is attracted to organic chelates that plants readily absorb. When plants absorb chelates, they also take in the captured iron."
Some links for Chelated Iron we recommend:
Chelated Iron for for Organic Hydroponic Aquaponics Soluble - 10% - 1 Pound
Chelated Iron EDTA - 13% Iron with 6% Nitrogen 100% Water Soluble Greenway
Chelated Iron DTPA 11% Iron Aquaponics Hydroponics Soil
Chelated Iron EDDHA 6% - Iron Chelate FeEDDHA 1 pound
SEA-90: A pinch per 2 gallons of water twice a week.
NOTE: Do NOT add to soil only during watering.
"SEA-90 sea mineral is a result of the research provided by Maynard Murray MD, (1900-1982), a pioneer of sea energy agriculture. Early in his career, Dr. Murray realized that Americans were living longer, but chronic diseases were steadily increasing. He found that soils and foods grown therein had become critically mineral deficient due to erosion, leaching and poor soil management. Farmers were using greater amounts of fertilizers and chemicals to increase production, yet the results were mineral-deficient crops & livestock."
Some links for SEA-90 we recommend:
Sea-90 Agricultural Minerals 4lb. Boogie Brew
SEA-90 Organic Fertilizer for Hydroponics, Soil, Plant Food, 5 Pound Bag
Root Naturally Sea-90 Ocean Mineral Organic Fertilizer - 2 Lb
Root Naturally Sea-90 Ocean Mineral Organic Fertilizer - 10 Lb
SEA-90 Essential Elements - Unrefined Minerals and Trace Elements
Composted cow manure: 2 bag per 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/4 bag per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Cow manure is a long term soil builder. It will add a slow release type of nitrogen that will an can last for years. It has all 3 macro's NPK as well as all the micro's. This long lasting effect will allow potted plants to stay healthy for years with out having to replace soil an repot. You want to use organic composted manure that is aged."
Some links for Cow Manure we recommend:
Black Kow Composted Cow Manure 5 pound bag
Michigan Peat 1640 Wholly Cow Compost and Manure, 40-Quart
3 pack. A Concentrated Blend (Makes 60 Lbs.) of Composted Beef Cow Manure
AGPower Compost Fertilizer
Mushroom Compost Organic Brands 5 pound bag
Diatomaceous earth (DE): 1 to 2 cup per 2 Cu Ft soil.
"Diatomaceous earth powder is blended into potting mixes to control insects at two to three per cent by volume. It can also be applied topically on the ground, applied to foliage as a dust with a puff bottle or hand-cranked blower, or mixed as a wettable powder to spray onto the top and underside of leaves. DE is one of the best sources of silica for your plants! Silica benefits plants with: Stronger cell walls, bigger stems, Increased resistance to environmental stress Eg; extreme temperatures, Drought Etc... Increased resistance to pathogens and pests, Enhanced metabolic functions, Etc... it also is pH neutral, and because it is a mineral source of pH, it tends to stabilize pH in soil. The pores in DE aggregates have been identified by studies at the University of Augsburg as the same pore size that determines plant-available water (plants have an easier time getting water from pore spaces than from water as film on soil particles). it provides soil moisture uniformity and controlled wetting and drying."
Some links for Diatomaceous earth we recommend:
100% Food grade Diatomaceous Earth 50lb Bag W/Shaker Bottle
Diatomaceous Earth Food Grade-10Lb Bag
Diatomaceous Earth, Food Grade, 5lb
Diatomaceous Earth Food Grade 60 Lb
Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth - Perma-guard 50 Lbs
Hardwood mulch: 4 bags per 16 Cu Ft soil or 1/2 bag mulch per 2 Cu Ft soil.
hardwood mulch is the best source of Humus you can add to your soil! The mulch will break down in soil in one season and prevents soil from clumping and allows soil to drain more freely. I only recommend hardwood mulch and NOT pine mulch's due to lower pH potential and resins that may be present. It is also food for fungi. wood mulch builds garden soil by increasing levels of organic matter in your soil.
Some links for Hardwood Mulch we recommend:
OLDCASTLE LAWN & GARDEN 52058064 Hardwood Mulch, 2 cu. ft
Smith Bros Original Hardwood Bark Mulch
INTERNATIONAL MULCH COMPANY NS8ET Earth GRND Cover, 0.8 cu. ft
10 cu. yd. Hardwood Bulk Mulch
Humus: As much as you can get from a forest floor! or 1 equal portion of a 2 Cu Ft bag of soil. NOTE: Sift to remove larger particles.
"A great part of the organic material that reaches the soil is broken down by the action of microorganisms, resulting in mineral components that can be taken by the roots of plants. In this way the nitrogen (nitrogen cycle) and the other nutrients (nutrient cycle) are recycled. This process is called mineralization. Depending on the conditions in which the breakdown is carried out, a fraction of the organic matter does not continue into mineralization, but instead goes in the contrary direction, forming new organic chains (polymers). These organic polymers are stable, that is resistant to the action of microorganisms, and constitute humus. This stability implies that once formed humus integrates into the permanent structure of soil, contributing to its improvement."
Some links for Humus we recommend:
General Organics Ancient Forest 0.5 CF Humus Soil Amendment
Humus, 8 L
Garick Corporation 33442 40 LB Humus
Soil Mender Humate 40 lb Greensgrade
PRATT-READ 40lb Humus/Manure
Coco coir: 1 block per 16 Cu Ft soil
NOTE: Divide whole bag by 8 and add 1 equal portion to each 2 Cuft bag soil
NOTE: you must rinse before adding due to salt being present.
"Everything in between the shell and the outer coating of the coconut seed is considered coco coir. Retains moisture and provides a good environment – coco coir is one of the most effective growing media for water retention out there. It can absorb up to 10x its weight in water, meaning the roots of your plants will never get dehydrated. coconut coir is inert, meaning that it has no nutrients within it. It contains the fiber and the pith (or coconut peat) or the coco chips."
Some links for Coco Coir we recommend:
General Hydroponics CocoTek Bale Coco Growing Media, 5kg
Triumph Plant Coco Coir Bricks
ECO-COIR Compressed Coco Fiber Peat 11-Pound Block, Medium
Botanicare Cocogro Coir Fiber Bale
Coco Bliss Premium Coconut Coir Pith Block 10 lbs
Crushed stone: 4-6 bags add about 1 1/4 inches to each pot on top of soil after plant is planted.
"crushed stone is often recognized as equal to traditional mulch in its ability to regulate moisture and temperature levels in the soil. It doesn’t attract insects or other pests and prevents blite from spreading to your tomato plants. It also adds additional protection from rodents digging holes. it prevents weeds from popping up as well as making it easy to remove any weeds that do."
Some links for Crushed Stone we recommend:
Gray Granite Gravel, total weight approximately 5 pounds, average size 3/8"
Fire Rock - 10 Pounds of Fireproof and Heatproof Round Pebbles
3/4" Medium Black Lava Rock 10 Pound Bag
Premium Mighty 109 3/4" Kodiak Blue Gravel
Figure 5: Soil conditions which may lead to micronutrient deficiencies for various crops.4
Figure 4: General micronutrient deficiency symptoms 3
Wood ash: 1 to 5 lbs to the end of the year old soil pile!
"Wood ash is the residue powder left after the combustion of wood, such as burning wood in a home fireplace or an industrial power plant. It is used traditionally by gardeners as a good source of potash. Because wood ash has a high char content, it can be used as an odor control agent, especially in composting operations. The ectomycorrhizal fungi Suillus granulatus and Paxillus involutus can release elements from wood ash."
Some links for Wood Ash we recommend:
Clean Oak/Cherry Hardwood Ash (Ash Glaze, Aquaponics, Natural Fertilizer
Wood ash fertilizer, soil neutralizer 6 Oz
Maximumstore - Wood Ash Fertilizer, soil neutralizer 1 gallon
Original Natural Charcoal - 100% Natural Hardwood Lump Charcoals
Natural Potash 0-0-60 Fertilizer 10 Pounds (Garden Naturals Brand)
Other Products we recommend for your gardening needs.
Soil pH, Moisture and Light Tester
It's a good idea to purchase a 3-in-1 tester for your soil. You can buy them separate or all in one. They are not accurate so be careful before you make any adjustments to your soil. They can be more of a nuisance then help. Stick it in a few different spots and see if the readings are different. Don't test in the exact same spot every time. Not all testers are the same, some are better then others!
Soil Test Kit
It's a good idea to purchase a Test Kit for your soil. Most will test for N,P,K,pH but you can get some that will test for more things. You can buy them separate or all in one. They are not 100%accurate so be careful before you make any adjustments to your soil. They can be more of a nuisance then help. You can always get your soil tested at your local extension or other testing services. Not all Test Kits are the same, some are better then others!
It's a Neem oil does a lot more then just being a organic pesticide! it comes from the Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) an evergreen tree native to India. "Neem extracts act as a phagorepellent (antifeedant) and by blocking the action of the insect molting hormone ecdysone." Neem oil is practically non-toxic to birds, mammals, bees and plants. Neem oil is also effective at controlling nematodes but don't harm Beneficial earthworms. It's also a great fungicide as well. It can be slightly irritating to the eyes and skin so use caution! Make sure your plants has plenty of air movement because neem oil can reduce transpiration.
1 Gallon Nursery Pots
We recommend using Nursery pots due to the simplicity and cost savings. You can also pick them up for free at most big box garden centers if you ask. We recommend 1 gallon size but you can use smaller or larger sizes if you chose. Most plants don't require more growing area providing you let the tap roots escape out the bottom an continue to grow. We also don't recommend using the water trays during the growing season out doors but it is ok for indoor use.
Compost Tumbler or compost Bin
It's a good idea to make your own compost. Home made compost it the best of the best! There are many ways to make compost even if you just pile it up in the back of your yard and leave it! "compost happens" as they say. But we recommend the use of a tumbler if you have the room because it produces compost fast! Not all Compost tumblers are the same, some are better then others!
There are many ways to make compost tea including a static method witch we don't recommend. It's best to use a compost tea hit with an air bubbler. It's easy to do an will benefit your garden plant a lot. Compost tea can be add in addition to this super soil mix and wont harm the plants.
vermiculture is king when it comes to composting! You can make you own worm castings very easy using kitchen scrapes and will reduce your cost from having to buy your castings every year. Worm composters also produce "worm tea" which is like a natural compost tea made by the worms. You do want to shop around when buying the red wigglers needed.
Gibberellic acid is a group of related substances called gibberellins that was discovered as a metabolic byproduct of the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi. It causes the stems of growing plants to elongate and grow rapidly. Synthetic forms of gibberellic acid are available commercially. applications of very low concentrations can have a profound effect. It's best used for seed starting but can be used on full sized plants. Avoid skin contact if possible, it may be considered poisonous. For: Seed germination- 2000ppm Concentration, 125Ga mg 60Ml Per(1/4)cup water.
Rain water collection
A good way to make sure your garden plants get the best care you can give them is to use rain water to hydrate them. Rain water for the most part is PH neutral (7.0) though some environmental factors like "acid rain" can lower the PH of rain so test your rain water. One way to collect rain water is to use a rain water collection system that collects rain water from your down spouts. Be sure to check your local code to see if there are any restrictions on rain water collection.
5 Gallon buckets for self watering Gardening
The use of self watering containers are becoming all the rage these days. there are a few ways the make them but the concept is all the same. There are 5 gallon buckets types and wicking bed types. Depending on your needs an space you can go either way. They benefit you buy reducing the amount of watering you have to do daily and they never let your plants dry out in the heat of the day! There are a few video links below you can watch about how to build them. Click the link below to watch the video:
WICKING BEDS, How to set them up, do's and don't s https://youtu.be/pp22fWrR0gg
HOW TO set up 5 gallon self watering buckets for your garden plants https://youtu.be/oUR0SZcKtj4
Some links for other products we recommend:
Soil pH Meter, 3-in-1 Soil Tester Moisture Meter, Light and PH acidity Tester
Luster Leaf 1601 Rapitest Soil Test Kit
Neem Bliss 100% Pure Cold Pressed Neem Seed Oil - (32 oz)
Pro Cal HGPK1PHD Premium Nursery Pot 1 Gal (20/pk)
50-Gallon Wheeled Compost Tumbler
Compost Tea Kit: 5 Gallon Get Brewing Special~ BubbleSnake, Brew Bag
Worm Factory 360 Worm Composting Bin + Bonus
Gibberellic Acid, 90.77% A3 Basis (HPLC), Certified, 1g
Smart Tank 50 Gallon Stackable Water Storage Tank - BPA Free - Made in the USA
5-gal. Homer Bucket (10-Pack)
5 Gallon Bucket Lid in White 12 pack
Grounding pots: Telluric current https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telluric_current
Grounding is a real concern when it comes to Gardening in pots or self watering containers. There is not a whole lot of science out there on this topic but it seems to be a growing interest. We do recommend looking into this technology and really consider applying it. If the plants are in the ground outside then no need to worry about it. Do your own research and come to your own conclusions. We will be doing a video about this in the near future so be sure to subscribe to us on YouTube.
"A means of conducting earth produced free electrons into growing mediums for improving plant vigor by a wire and conducting grounding rods constructed of copper and/or stainless steel. A ground lead is connected to an earth ground in the soil or an electrical outlet ground receptacle that is attached to a conducting wire with the opposite end attached to a conducting copper rod that can be inserted into the plant growing medium."
"A telluric current (from Latin tellūs, "earth"), or Earth current, is an electric current which moves underground or through the sea. Telluric currents result from both natural causes and human activity, and the discrete currents interact in a complex pattern. The currents are extremely low frequency and travel over large areas at or near the surface of the Earth."
1 Adapted from E. Truog. 1946. Soil reaction influence on availability of plant nutrients. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 11, 305-308.
2 Adapted from D. Mengel, 1990. Role of micronutrients in efficient crop production. Purdue U. Extension pub AY-239.
3 Adapted from W.F. Bennett (editor), 1993. Nutrient deficiencies and toxicities in Crop Plants, APS Press, St. Paul, MN.
4 Adapted from Tri-State Fertilizer Recommendations for Corn, Soybeans, Wheat and Alfalfa, Ohio State University.
2002. G. Stevens, Motavalli, P., Scharf, P., Nathan, M., and Dunn, D. Crop nutrient deficiencies and toxicities. University of Missouri-Columbia Extension pub. IPM 1016.
2005. K. Kelling. Micronutrient management in the north-central US and Canada. University of Wisconsin, Madison. Presented at the llth Annual Southwest Agricultural Conference, Ridgetown, ONT.
HRSeeds.com is not endorsing or promoting any of the products is this article. We are simply sharing products used to produce this article and videos. Recommendations made are for those who are interested in the products used or in the subject matter. Our recommendations are our opinion and may or may not suit the readers needs. HRSeeds.com is not sponsored by any of the sellers or by AMAZON and does not represent any of the aforementioned. If any of the products are purchased due to this article, it is the sole responsibility of the buyer and not HRSeeds.com
2018 HRSeeds.com All rights reserved©