HRS super soil mix©
For Flower Pots and Raised Garden Beds
HRS super soil mix is a custom blend for maximum plant health! It can be used in outdoor gardens but was designed for flower pots and raised beds. Plants Transpire during the day and Resperate at night: Transpiration is needed for photosynthesis an the intake of Co2 in daylight.Soil is the most important part of your garden and good soil is good but SUPER SOIL is the best you can get!! There are many products going into this mix like: steamed bone meal, bat guano, blood meal, Epsom salt, azomite, and much much more.
Foundation: Based on 16 Cu ft (8 bags 2 cu ft) of soil before mixed. 50% Top soil 40% peat moss 10% perlite (add 15% sand to total mix) or
1- bucket soil 3/4 bucket peat moss 1/4 bucket perlite 2/3 bucket sand
1 Cu yrd = 27 Cu ft 2 cubic Ft of soil Fills 13, 1 gallon pots 1 cu ft top soil = About 85 Lbs 1 Cu Ft soil= 25.75 dry quarts 1- 2Cuft bag soil will fill 2 1/2 five gallon buckets
Top soil: 8-bags organic soil (2 cubic ft per bag) or 11 bags 1.5 cubic ft bags. Total soil volume after fully mixed will equal about 1.75 - 3 Cu yrds potting soil. Avoid soils that contain additives and Bio solids.
Some links for soil we recommend:
Black Gold 1302030 16-Quart CocoBlend Potting Soil http://amzn.to/2tPSwaW
Black Gold 1302040 16-Quart All Organic Potting Soil WhehJaF, 16 quart bag, 2 bags
(2) Foxfarm FX14000 Ocean Forest Garden Potting Soil Bags 6.3-6.8 pH | 3 Cu Ft http://amzn.to/2pgwEjG
Soil pH: 6.4 to 7.2 is best for most vegetable plants. 6.7 being the best. E.g. Tomato (5.5-7.5) Pepper (5.5-7.0) Spinach (6.0-7.5) Pea (6.0-7.5) Lettuce (6.0-7.0) Corn (5.5-7.5.)
Macro nutrients (primary): nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), potassium/Potash (K)
Secondary Macronutrients: calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S)
Gaseous MacroNutrients: carbon/Co2 (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O) From air an water
Micro nutrients: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) are essential for plant heath.
Tertiary or SubMicronutrients: Everything else E.g. Cobalt (Co)*, Chromium (Cr), Iodine (I)**, Lithium (Li), Selenium (Se)**, Sodium (Na)*, Silicon (Si)* Etc... Non essential
NOTE: * does benefit plants but not essential ** Needed for human health.
Figure 1: Relative availability of micronutrients by soil pH¹
Plants Transpire during the day and Resperate at night: Transpiration is needed for photosynthesis an the intake of Co2 in daylight. Respiration converts sugars for energy and intakes Oxygen at nighttime and produces Adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
Rain water only: Avoid using city water and use rain or distiled water only! Most city water has a high PH of around 8.0 and contains things like; Liquefied chlorine, Fluorosilicic acid aKa fluoride, Aluminum sulphate, Calcium hydroxide, Sodium silicofluoride, Trihalomethanes (THMs), Hormones, Nitrates, Chloramines, ammonia, Phosphates Etc.. just to name a few. When water runs out of the bottom of your pot, it was over watered.
Humidity: The humidity level is like a pressure cap on the plant, keeping the moisture in the plant, allowing it to have proper transpiration rates of the fluids. Ideal humidity levels in a greenhouse range between 50% to 70% in vegetative growth, and 50% to 60% for flowering plants. When humidity is to high for to long, transpiration begins to stop and plant begin to suffocates.
Temperature: Optimum air Temperature for most garden Plants is 65F to 85F. with soil temperatures between 65-90 max degrees F to achieve optimal growth. NOTE: Cover your pots so they don't over heat from direct sunlight. watch your heat index!
Figure 2 Chemical properties of micronutrients.
Figure 3 Functions of micronutrients in plants 3
Peat moss: 3 bails (3 cuft each) for 16 Cu Ft soil or 3/4, 5 gal bucket per 2 Cuft bag soil
"It has a remarkable ability to manage water efficiently and hold on to nutrients that would otherwise leach out of the soil. While performing these amazing tasks, it also improves the texture and consistency of the soil. PH range from 4.4 to 5.5"
Some links for Peat moss we recommend:
3.8CUFT Sphag Peat Moss